The objective was to contribute to the definition of a multi-level, transparent and participatory governance model, aimed at supporting the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) process at the regional level.
In particular, the Project aimed at defining tools and guidelines aimed at implementing the governance model outlined, with specific reference to the planning and management of fishing activities.
Fisheries, an activity of great importance in the development policies of coastal regions, has undergone over the last two decades a radical change in the outlook for regulation and management policies, driven by EU policies and changing market dynamics. In this context, the adoption of governance approaches that allow all relevant interests (economic, social and environmental interests, as well as public and private interests) to emerge and to balance, has proved to be of fundamental importance.
In this perspective, innovative instruments can play a crucial role, such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), referred to in strategies and legal instruments adopted at global (UNCED, UNEP, FAO), regional (Mediterranean Action Plan, Council of Europe, EU) and national (MATTM) level. ICZM aims at the implementation of innovative management techniques to achieve sustainable development objectives and to solve the growing conflict linked to competition between sectoral uses in coastal areas.
In particular, the project focused on two key principles of ICZM, the principle of institutional coordination and the principle of public participation in a transparent decision-making process, in order to support their implementation.
The research activities carried out are:
– Reconstruction and critical analysis of the reference regulatory framework
– Analysis of ICZM enforcement practices
– Fishing activities in ICZM: recognition of the institutional framework and relevant interests at regional level
– Definition of application guidelines to support institutional entities
The work has resulted in an advancement of knowledge on ICZM, through systematic reconstruction and critical analysis of the regulatory framework and enforcement practices, at different levels of government (global, EU, national and regional).
The work of reconnaissance and analysis carried out has allowed the identification of critical issues and good practices in the implementation of ICZM and has highlighted the need to support the implementation of this tool, through the development of guidelines aimed at: 1) Clarify the meaning and legal scope of the principles underlying ICZM; 2) Identify the tools necessary for their implementation, taking due account of the specificities of different territorial and institutional contexts.
With particular reference to the fisheries sector, a survey of the institutional context has been carried out at regional level in order to contribute to the valorisation and sustainable management of fisheries activities in the context of ICZM.
These results were the starting point for the development of tools to support policy-makers (Regulatory Data Bank, Study Collection, Guidelines) in the implementation of the principles of institutional cooperation and public participation within ICZM, at the regional level.
ICZM is an adaptive, dynamic and interdisciplinary process to promote an integrated territorial approach to coastal zone planning and management. It covers the entire cycle of information gathering, planning, decision-making, management and monitoring of implementation.
ICZM includes all production activities that are likely to have an impact on the coastal zone, and aims to overcome the fragmented, sectoral and conflicting approach to resource management. It is therefore an important innovative tool for planning production activities linked to the fisheries sector, which have a significant impact on the environment, the economy and society and require close coordination at local level with other policies, particularly those for the protection of the marine environment and tourism.