The INSO project is financed by the Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of the Interior, as part of the “International collaboration, cooperation and assistance to developing countries regarding immigration and asylum” programme, which is working to determine the motivating factors behind migration. Italy has a key role in terms of identification of the countries of origin of the migratory flow. This information is of great interest to the destination and transit countries which are part of the “Regional Development and Protection Programme for North Africa” (RDPP NA), a programme managed by the Ministry of the Interior and financed since 2015 by the EU Commission – DG HOME with resources from the European Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. The Italian initiative, aimed at the creation of Migration Pacts, is considered a priority by certain developing countries, including Sudan.
Situated along one of the main migratory routes between Africa and Europe, Sudan plays a strategic role in terms of migratory flow, given its “frontier” position in relation to the Arab world and non-Mediterranean Africa.
The general objective of the project is to promote socio-economic development in Sudan by providing skills training and supporting professional development and integration into the workforce. The project hopes to contribute to enhancing university education which represents a crucial demographic change factor in a society in a transition phase (following the expected end of economic embargos).
The educational training programme involves approximately 150 participants including Sudanese university students and professors and officials from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Sudan.
The special value of the INSO project, in terms of Italian Human and Social Science research, lies in its effort to deal with the direct causes of migration and the effectiveness of migration policies.
The INSO Project is being carried out by IRISS-CNR in conjunction with the Centre for Lifelong Learning (CAP), University of Bari,the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research(MOHE) in Sudan and Comboni College of Science and Technology (CCST)in Khartoum,under the patronage of the Italian Embassy in Khartoum and the Sudanese Embassy in Rome.
IRISS-CNR hopes to enhance human capital and support the creation of employment opportunities in Sudan through a training programme tailored to the needs of both the people and the area, in an effort to help reduce the underlying causes of the migratory flow. In addition, the project aims to increase the understanding of current migratory patterns in order to support the dialogue between the EU, northern Africa and the Horn of Africa.